Information about Swiss Naturalisation

milengua courses guarantee an excellent preparation for the Einbürgerungsgespräch. This course not only covers the topics that come up in the interview but also practices answering questions and giving explanations in German.

Formal requirements*

The requirements for becoming Swiss have changed for applications from 1.01.2018. For the “regular naturalization” process you must have lived in Switzerland for at least 10 years and you must have a “C” residence permit at the time of applying. (Years spent in the country between ages 8 and 18 count double with a minimum number of 6 years of residence. )
Furthermore, each canton has its own requirements in terms of how many years applicants need to have lived there. Your community of residence and/or the cantonal naturalization service, from where you can also get the application form, will provide you with specific information about the official requirements.

“Facilitated naturalization” is mainly for those citizens who have been married to a Swiss national for at least 3 years and have lived in Switzerland for 5 years. Couples who live abroad have to be married for at least 6 years and must have “close ties to Switzerland”. (The municipal or cantonal department will decide if this condition is fulfilled).
The application form for the facilitated process of naturalization is available at the State Secretariat for Migration FOM, Quellenweg 6, CH-3003 Bern-Wabern – for applications from abroad: from the relevant Swiss representation.

​ * All specifications without guarantee: Information taken from Swiss Confederation’s official website / Staatssekretariat für Migration (SEM); (09/2019).

Proving Swiss integration

After the applicant has met the formal requirements she/he will be invited by the office in charge for an initial meeting. They’ll inform the applicant about the further process, for example in which way she/he has to prove her/his economic, social and linguistic integration into Switzerland. 

Not only do applicants have to be economically independent, they also have to demonstrate they are integrated into Swiss life and society and that they are familiar with the following:

  • Swiss history 
  • Swiss political system
  • Swiss geography 
  • Swiss culture and customs 
  • Regional facts about your municipality/canton and your surrounding area 

In some cantons, applicants will need to sit a written test, but the most common test is the “Einbürgerungsgespräch”, a face to face interview with a group representing the local government. Normally, the Federal Migration Office will follow their consensus on whether an applicant is sufficiently well integrated. 

milengua preparation courses 

milengua courses guarantee an excellent preparation for the Einbürgerungsgespräch. This course not only covers the topics that come up in the interview but also practices answering questions and giving explanations in German. Furthermore, we will give you helpful tips on how you can prove your successful integration into Swiss life and society. Additionally, we offer Swiss German classes in order to get your comprehension of the local dialect to a high level. 

In a first free trial lesson, your teacher will assess your language level and find out about your knowledge of the Swiss Confederation. She/he will make a suggestion about how many lessons you’ll need to get well prepared – normally 10 or 20, depending on the student’s individual prior knowledge and language competence. 

Proving language proficiency 

As for language requirements, they are very specific and more measurable. In most cantons, applicants require A2 Level for written language and B1 Level for spoken language in accordance with the Common European Framework of References for Languages (CEFR). Evidence of language proficiency is given by obtaining a certificate through an officially accredited institute (for German e.g.: Goethe, TELC, TestDaf) or through the “fide language passport”  – a program provided by  the Swiss migration service. See here for a complete list.  

Normally, the (main) language of your canton is the one that’s required, however, if you are a native speaker of one of the four official languages (German, French, Italian or Rhaeto-Romanic), you don’t need to provide a language certificate. This is also not needed if you have visited a Swiss compulsory school for at least 5 years or you if you have completed a professional education. 

Nevertheless, when it comes to the naturalization interview you must be able to hold a 30- minute conversation about your Swiss integration and your motivation behind becoming a Swiss citizen, answer questions on politics, history, geography, culture, and regional topics. 
And as if that wasn’t challenging enough, these interviews are often held in regional dialects – so applicants must at least have a good comprehension of Swiss German while they can speak High German. 

milengua preparation courses for language exams 

Milengua gets you prepared perfectly for officially recognised language certificates. We are experts in efficient exam training. In a free trial lesson, we’ll present you with the different formats and the different language tests (mainly: Goethe and telc).

We help you become familiar with the exam in which the following linguistic sub-skills are tested:

  1. Reading
  2. Listening
  3. Writing
  4. Speaking 

Preparation courses usually focus on the “productive” language skills speaking and writing during the lessons while we provide you with a plan for how to develop the “receptive” skills of reading and listening. You will learn and train how to identify the keywords in a text to answer correctly and we will provide you with the techniques to accelerate your reading skills and to single out important information. 

For many students, the speaking part is quite tricky, so we’ll practise “exam simulations” of the different tasks until you feel confident and perfectly equipped for the oral exam.

Regarding the written part, you will learn how to use good and suitable phrases, improve your grammar and spelling and – most importantly – how to structure your text and meet the requirements of the task. Any corrections of written work  will be made outside the lessons so that in class we can focus on your questions and practise structures that you find challenging. 

If you have any more questions or would like more information about the Swiss naturalization process  and milengua’s preparation courses, please get in contact with us! 

If you want to get a better idea of how a preparation course works, just sign up for a free demo lesson and you’ll meet your personal tutor for a free trial of 30 minutes, where you can try our method without any obligations.